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MENTAL HEALTH ILLNESSES

BI-POLAR

Bi-Polar Affective Disorder (BPAD) is a mood disorder, sometimes called Manic Depression.  It is not always easy to pinpoint mood disorders because the symptoms can change rapidly, and be very different for each individual.  However, BPAD is characterised by a cyclical change from hypomania (feeling extremely happy, excitable, manic) to depressive periods (feeling very low, irritable and down).  In between are mixed episodes of highs and lows, and the severity and length of the extremes can vary from person to person.  If you are worried that you are suffering from BPAD, it is important to seek medical help from a doctor (GP) for a proper diagnosis. 

Urgent help may be necessary if you or somebody you know experiences a serious mental health crisis such as extreme anxiety, panic attack, mania, hallucinations, extreme self-harm or suicidal behaviour.  In this situation you can call The Police or Ambulance services (999 / 101).  They may call The Crisis Team who will assess a patient to see if hospitalisation maybe necessary.

Bi-polar UK offers advice and help on their website and direct support by phone 020 7931 6480 and email  info@bipolaruk.org.uk.

The Royal College of Psychiatry pinpoint the basic facts and symptoms about Bi-Polar Affective Disorder.  There is a lot of reading here, but the sections give a clear picture of Bi-Polar and practical advice on how to get help with it. 


PSYCHOSIS

Psychosis is an illness in which the thoughts become extreme, disturbing, unpleasant and frightening, causing a person to behave very irrationally and lose touch with reality.  Psychosis is rare before older teenage years. Depending on the reason behind the psychosis it may be something which gradually worsens over time, due to physical illness or another on-going mental illness like Bi-Polar, or psychosis could be triggered suddenly by a very stressful event, or the use of illegal drugs. 

It is important to seek medical help from a doctor (GP) for a proper diagnosis.  Urgent help may be necessary if you or somebody you know experiences a serious mental health crisis such as extreme anxiety, panic attack, mania, hallucinations, extreme self-harm or suicidal behaviour.  In this situation you can call The Police or Ambulance services (999 / 101).  They may call The Crisis Team who will assess a patient to see if hospitalisation maybe necessary.


The Rethink Mental Health website offers a clear facts about Psychosis, what it is and who it can effect.  This information may help you if you are worried about yourself or someone you know who may need help with their mental health.

The Psychosis Intervention and Early Recovery (PIER) team support and treat people aged 14-35 years who are experiencing psychosis for the first time. The team is usually contacted through your GP or another professional involved in your health care, but if you need to you will be listened to and advised if you call the PIER contact number:  0116 22 55 600.

The Royal College of Psychiatry pinpoint the basic facts and symptoms about Psychosis for the patient and parents and carers. There is a lot of reading here, but the sections give a clear picture of Psychosis and practical advice on how to get help with it. 

The Siblings Network for Brothers and Sisters is a support service for young people living with a brother or sister with a mental health illness.


SCHIZOPHRENIA

Schizophrenia is a mental illness that can affect people from late teenage years onwards. Symptoms include severe delusions, hallucinations and confused thinking. Although not completely understood, it can develop over time or as a result of severe stress or emotional trauma of some kind, and it is thought that it could be genetically linked, or triggered by use of illegal drugs.  This illness is often something other people notice, due to erratic or bizarre behaviour that the sufferer doesn’t think is abnormal.  This can lead a schizophrenic to believe the world is against them and may cause them to stop socialising and mixing with others. 

It is important to seek medical help from a doctor (GP) for a proper diagnosis.  It is important to seek medical help from a doctor (GP) for a proper diagnosis.  Urgent help may be necessary if you or somebody you know experiences a serious mental health crisis such as extreme anxiety, panic attack, mania, hallucinations, extreme self-harm or suicidal behaviour.  In this situation you can call The Police or Ambulance services (999 / 101).  They may call The Crisis Team who will assess a patient to see if hospitalisation maybe necessary.


Schizophrenia explained by the mental health charity MIND, offering downloadable information booklets and plenty of advice and support. 

The Royal College of Psychiatry pinpoint key facts and symptoms about Schizophrenia with practical advice about how to get help.  There is a lot of reading here, but the sections give a clear picture of Schizophrenia.  

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